|Government||parliamentary democratic republic|
|Area||total: 20,273 sq km |
water: 122 sq km
land: 20,151 sq km
|Population||1,932,917 (July 2002 est.)|
|Language||Slovenian 91%, Serbo-Croatian 6%, other (Italian and Hungarian minorities) 3%|
|Religion||Roman Catholic (Uniate 2%) 70.8%, Lutheran 1%, Muslim 1%, atheist 4.3%, other 22.9%|
Slovenia (Slovenija) is a country in Central Europe that lies in the eastern Alps at the northeastern end of the Adriatic Sea. Despite its small size, with Austria to the north, Italy to the northwest, Hungary to the northeast and Croatia to the south, Slovenia has a surprising variety of terrain, ranging from the beaches of the Mediterranean to the peaks of the Alps.
- Ljubljana - Picturesque capital
Ports and harbors
Urban municipalities (mestne obc(ine, singular - mestna obc(ina)
- Murska Sobota
- Nova Gorica
- Novo mesto
- Slovenj Gradec
- Dovje-Mojstrana- The best starting point for hiking and climbing to Julian Alps
- Bled - Impossibly romantic mountain lake complete with castle and island
- Radovljica - Old historical town, apiculture museum
- Bohinj - Alpine lake
- �kocjan & Postojna caves - Two of the world's largest cave systems
- Triglav National Park  (http://www.triglav-slovenia.com/eng) - Home to national symbol Mt. Triglav and mythical chamois Zlatorog.
Mediterranean climate on the coast, continental climate with mild to hot summers and cold winters in the plateaus and valleys to the east
A short coastal strip on the Adriatic, an Alpine mountain region adjacent to Italy and Austria, mixed mountain and valleys with numerous rivers to the east. In the southwest there is the Karst (Kras in Slovene) (where the name for karst topography actually comes from).
- Natural hazards
- flooding and earthquakes
- highest point
- Triglav 2,864 m
The Slovene lands were part of the Holy Roman Empire and Austria until 1918 when the Slovenes joined the Serbs and Croats in forming a new nation, renamed Yugoslavia in 1929. After World War II, Slovenia became a republic of the renewed Yugoslavia, which though Communist, distanced itself from Moscow's rule. Dissatisfied with the exercise of power of the majority Serbs, the Slovenes succeeded in establishing their independence in 1991 with minimal bloodshed. In 2004, Slovenia joined the European Union and NATO.
- 25 June 1991 (from Yugoslavia)
- National holiday
- Statehood Day, 25 June (1991); Independence and Unity Day, 26 December (1990)
- adopted 23 December 1991, effective 23 December 1991
Historical ties to Western Europe, a strong economy, and a stable democracy make Slovenia a leading country among the new members of the EU and NATO.
As Slovenia is a member country of the European Union, citizens from other member states can enter Slovenia with a valid passport or a valid identity card.
The Ljubljana Bus Station (Ljubljana Avtobusna Postaja) provides composite information about international and airport bus services. Phone: 090 93 42 30 (Slovenian only) English Website: http://ap-ljubljana.si/eng/
Slovenia's primary international airport is Ljubljana Brnik  (http://www.lju-airport.si) which is around 25 km north of Ljubljana, the capital. The airport is connected with Ljubljana by taxis and buses.
- Adria Airways:
- Frankfurt (codeshare with Lufthansa)
- London (Gatwick)
- Moscow (codeshare with Aeroflot)
- Munich (codeshare with Lufthansa)
- Paris (Charles de Gaulle)
- Podgorica (codeshare with Montenegro Airlines)
- Vienna (codeshare with Austrian Airlines)
- Warsaw (codeshare with LOT)
- Z�rich (codeshare with Swiss)
- Air France:
- Paris (Charles de Gaulle)
- C(SA Czech Airlines:
- London (Stansted)
- Berlin (Sch�nefeld)
- Warsaw (codeshare with Adria Airways)
- Turkish Airlines:
Trains may be different from what you're used to in Western Europe. (In Bled, Ljubljana, and Jesenice...) The time of arrival for the next train is not displayed next to the tracks, nor is the train's destination. This information must be found out either from a chalkboard (may have incorrect times) or some other sign near the train station building. Otherwise, many speak English in Slovenia, and they will always help you get where you're going.
Getting off the train can also be difficult. There is no loudspeaker announcement of the next station, and there is usually just one sign at the smaller stations, such as Lesce Bled. It may be helpful to ask the ticket checker for assistance in choosing the right station, or rely on the train's rough arrival time, if you have planned ahead.
Slovenia has an excellent highway network (http://www.dars.si/?language=2) connected to neighboring countries.
- Vienna → Graz → Sentilj → Maribor
- Villach → Krawanke Tunnel Jesenice
- Villach → Wurzenpass Podkoren Kranjska Gora
- Klagenfurt → Loiblpass Ljubelj Kranj
- Venice → Trieste → Koper
- Venice → Gorizia → Nova Gorica
- Tarvisio → Ratece Kranjska Gora → Jesenice
Slovenia's roads are for the most part well maintained and well signposted, and you won't have a problem if you drive or hire a car. Having a car certainly does add a level of mobility and self direction that you won't get by train or bus.
- Bled Taxi Slovenian, the national language, is spoken as mother tongue by 91% of the population, but there are also significant Italian and Hungarian minorities. Most people you come into contact with as a tourist will speak English, and if not they'll almost certainly speak either Italian or German or both.
The local currency is the Slovenian tolar (SIT), which trades at around 240 to the euro (January 2005). Prices are high compared to eastern neighbors (except Croatia), but cheap compared to Italy or Austria.
The oldest Slovenian food are dishes made from flour and groats. The best known are the breads made for holiday occasions which today appear in the form of braided loaves or wreathes, dumplings known as �truklji which Slovenians prepare in 70 different ways stuffed with sweet fillings, meat or vegetables, and �ganci (a type of polenta). A real Slovenian speciality is potica, a dessert for holiday occasions also prepared with the widest variety of fillings. A major event in the countryside still today is the slaughtering of a pig from which many various products are made: groat and white klobasa, blood sausage, roasts, stuffed tripe, smoked sausage, salami, ham, bacon, and, of course, the highest quality and most prized Kra�ki pr�ut, the Slovenian version of the Italian prosciutto or air-dried ham. Recipes for the preparation of poultry, especially goose, duck, and capon, have been preserved for many centuries. And it is obvious that in a country beside the sea there is a large choice of the fish and sea fruits which we find most often on Primorska menus.
Hungry travelers may also try inexpensive (if greasy) fast food at one of many small snack bars selling the Bosnian speciality burek, a large, flaky pastry stuffed with meat (mesni burek), cheese (sirni) or apple (jabolc(ni). Hamburgers and pizza are also widespread.
Slovenian wine can be quite good. Hint: The best stuff is not exported! La�ko & Union beers are also good. An inside tip would be Adam Ravbar beer, which is usually hard to find anywhere except in their small brewery.
- Accommodations in Triglav National Park (mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org)
- Hostel Celica (http://www.souhostel.com/en/index.html)