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Travel Info


Quick Facts
CapitalMonaco
Governmentconstitutional monarchy
Currencyeuro (EUR)
Areatotal: 1.95 sq km
water: 0 sq km
land: 1.95 sq km
Population31,987 (July 2002 est.)
LanguageFrench (official), English, Italian, Monegasque
ReligionRoman Catholic 90%

The principality of Monaco lies on the southern Mediterranean Sea coast of France, near the border with Italy, in Southern Europe. It is the second smallest independent state in the world (after the Vatican) and is almost entirely urban. With no natural resources to exploit, other than its location and climate, the principality has become a resort for tourists and a tax haven for businesses.

Regions

There are four quarters (quartiers, singular - quartier):

  • Fontvieille
  • La Condamine
  • Monaco-Ville
  • Monte-Carlo

Cities

  • Monaco - Capital

Other destinations

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Understand

Climate

Mediterranean with mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers

Terrain

Hilly, rugged, rocky

Highest point
Mont Agel 140 m

History

Government type 
constitutional monarchy
Independence 
1419 (beginning of the rule by the House of Grimaldi)

Economic development was spurred in the late 19th century with a railroad linkup to France and the opening of a casino. Since then, the principality's mild climate, splendid scenery, and gambling facilities have made Monaco world famous as a tourist and recreation center.

National holiday 
National Day (Prince of Monaco Holiday), 19 November
Constitution 
17 December 1962

Get in

By plane

Airports 
none; linked to airport in Nice, France, by Lyon, and taking the regular train to the city.

See

  • The Jardin Exotique (Exotic Gardens) is a fascinating experience. Many rare plants from around the world are presented in a walking tour that is quite memorable for the views as well as the flora. Due to the rise in altitude, the microclimate of the area is mostly desert, so there are many examples of desert plants, including unusual cacti, to see. There is also a grotto (cave) that has scheduled, guided tours. The entry cost is a bit steep (�8) unless you're under 16 or a student (�3.50)
  • The oceanographic museum is one of the finest in the world.
  • Entry into the Monaco Casino will cost you �10 for a day. There are also passes for a week, month, or even a year (which costs approx �50). As is usual for casinos, you are not allowed to take photos once inside the casino. It's interesting to observe the games, if not participate for a bit. Watch how much money changes hands! Another attraction is the glass display showing the casino chips of higher value. You get to see the �500,000 chip, which is massive for a chip (in worth AND size).
  • See the Formula One Grand Prix

External links

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