|Government||republic; multiparty presidential regime (opposition parties legalized in 1990)|
|Currency||Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XAF); note - responsible authority is the Bank of the Central African States|
|Area||total: 267,667 sq km |
water: 10,000 sq km
land: 257,667 sq km
|Language||French (official), Fang, Myene, Nzebi, Bapounou/Eschira, Bandjabi|
|Religion||Christian 55%-75%, animist, Muslim less than 1%|
Gabon is a country in Western Central Africa. It lies on the Equator, on the Atlantic Ocean coast, between the Republic of the Congo to the south and east, Equatorial Guinea to the northwest and Cameroon to the north.
A small population, as well as oil and mineral reserves have helped Gabon become one of Africa's wealthier countries. The country has generally been able to maintain and conserve its pristine rain forest and rich biodiversity.
- Administrative divisions
- 9 provinces; Estuaire, Haut-Ogooue, Moyen-Ogooue, Ngounie, Nyanga, Ogooue-Ivindo, Ogooue-Lolo, Ogooue-Maritime, Woleu-Ntem
- Libreville - Capital
- Cap Lopez
Tropical; always hot, humid
Narrow coastal plain; hilly interior; savanna in east and south
- Highest point
- Mont Iboundji 1,575 m
Ruled by autocratic presidents since independence from France in 1960, Gabon introduced a multiparty system and a new constitution in the early 1990s that allowed for a more transparent electoral process and for reforms of governmental institutions. A small population, abundant natural resources, and considerable foreign support have helped make Gabon one of the more prosperous black African countries.
- 17 August 1960 (from France)
- National holiday
- Founding of the Gabonese Democratic Party (PDG), 12 March (1968)
The company who is making international air transport is Air Gabon. In the country there is other companies.